Fracture type            Orthopedics is the study of fractures and diseases of bones   Encyclopedia of bones

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Fractures Osteology Encyclopedia      Osteology Museum Dissector
Fracture types Carpus

Wrist joint

Palm

Dorsum of hand

Carpus
   Fractures of scaphoid
   Lunate injuries
   Dislocation of lunate
   KienbŲck's disease of lunate
   Perilunar dislocation
   Dislocation of wrist joint
   Bennet's fracture
    Colles fracture
    Smith's fracture
   Miscellaneous carpal injuries
Clavicle Clavicle Scapular region
   Fracture of lateral shaft of clavicle
   Fracture of midshaft of clavicle
Femur

Femur

Anterior thigh

Posterior thigh

   Fracture of neck
      Impacted
      Unimpacted
      Cervical
      Basal
      Subcapital    
   Trochanteric fracture
   Subtrochanteric fracture
   Fracture of shaft
   Supracondylar fracture
   Condylar fractures
Fibula Fibula Anterior leg

Posterior leg

   Fracture of shaft of fibula
   Lateral malleolar fracture
   Fracture of shafts of tibia and fibula
   Compound fractures of tibia and fibula
Hip bone Hip bone
Hip joint
Posterior thigh
   Anterior dislocation
   Posterior dislocation
   Central fracture-dislocation
Humerus

 

 

 

 

 

 

Humerus

Elbow joint

Ulnar collateral ligament of elbow joint

 

 

 

Anterior arm

Posterior arm

   Fracture of anatomical neck of humerus
   Fracture of greater tuberosity of humerus
   Fractures of surgical neck of humerus
   Fractures of shaft of humerus
      Spiral shaft fracture
      Transverse shaft fracture
   Supracondylar fracture of humerus
   Intercondylar fractures of humerus
      Intercondylar T fracture
      Intercondylar Y fracture
   Injury to medial epicondylar area
   Injury to lateral condylar area
      Sprain of ulnar collateral ligament
      Rupture of ulnar collateral ligament
   Dislocation of elbow joint
Metacarpus

Metacarpus

Metacarpophalangeal joint

Collateral ligament of metacarpophalangeal joint

 

Dorsum of hand

Palm

   Fracture of metacarpal I
   Fracture of metacarpal II
   Fracture of metacarpal III
   Fracture of metacarpal IV
   Fracture of metacarpal V
    Trigger finger
    Boxer's fracture
    Skiers thumb
Metatarsus

Metatarsus

Tarsometatarsal joint

Metatarsophalangeal joint

Dorsum of foot

Sole

   Fractures of metatarsal V (Jones fracture)
    Pseudojones fracture
   Fracture of base of metatarsal V
   March fractures
   Dislocation of tarsometatarsal joint of big toe
   Dislocation of metatarsophalangeal joint
Patella

Patella

Knee joint

Patella ligament

Knee
Fractures of patella
Rupture of quadriceps tendon
Rupture of patella ligament
Dislocation of patella
Recurrent dislocation of patella
Avulsion of tibial tuberosity
Osgood-Schlatter disease
Bipartite patella
Pelvis

 

 

Pelvis

Sacrum

Coccyx

 

Male pelvis

Female pelvis

Fracture of coccyx
Fracture of sacrum
Single fractures of pelvis
   Fracture of iliac crest
   Undisplaced fractures
   Crack fractures
   Displaced fractures
Multiple fractures of pelvis
Avulsion fractures
Stress fracture of true pelvis
Crack fractures of pelvis
Phalanges of Foot Phalanges of Foot Dorsum of foot

Sole

   Fracture of phalanges of big toe
Phalanges of Hand Phalanges of Hand Dorsum of hand

Palm

Fracture of middle phalanges
Fracture of proximal phalanges
Fracture of distal phalanges
Dislocation of interphalangeal joint
Rupture of collateral ligaments of interphalangeal joints
Fractures of terminal phalanges
Mallet finger
Radius

 

Radius

Inferior radio-ulnar joint

 

 

Anterior arm

Posterior arm

Fracture of head of radius
Fracture of neck of radius
Fracture of shaft of radius
Colles fracture
Smith's fracture
Fracture of distal end of radius in children
Fracture displacement of radial epiphysis
Fracture of radial styloid process
Galeazzi fracture-dislocation
Ribs Ribs

Thoracic cage

Thoracic cage
Fractures of ribs
Single fractures of ribs
Multiple fractures or ribs
Traumatic pneumothorax
Traumatic hemothorax
Flail chest
Stove-in-chest
Pulmonary wounds
Scapula

Scapula

Acromioclavicular joint

Glenohumeral joint

Scapular region
Dislocation of acromioclavicular joint
Fracture of coracoid process
Fracture of acromion
Fracture of body of scapula
Fracture of glenoid cavity
Dislocation of glenohumeral joint
Skull Skull
Ethmoid
Frontal
Inferior nasal concha
Lacrimal
Mandible
Maxilla
Nasal
Occipital
Palatine
Parietal
Sphenoid
Sutural bones
Temporal
Vomer
Zygomatic
Teeth

Temporomandibular joint

Skull
Fractures of skull vault
   Linear fractures
   Comminuted fractures

   Fracture of nose (nasal bones)

   Maxillofacial injuries
   Fracture of mandible
   Fracture of zygomatic bone
   Fracture of teeth
   Pond fracture
Fractures of base of skull
   Linear fractures
      Anterior cranial fossa
      Middle cranial fossa
      Posterior cranial fossa
   Comminuted fractures
Facial fractures

   Fracture of nose (nasal bones)

   Maxillofacial injuries
      Horizontal alveolar maxillary fracture
      Triangular maxillary fracture
      Craniofacial dysjunction
      Nasal fracture
      Fracture of teeth
      Fracture of zygoma
      Dislocation of temporomandibular joint
   Fractures of mandible
   Fractures of zygomatic bone
Sternum

Sternum

Sternoclavicular joint

Manubriosternal joint

Xiphosternal joint

Thoracic cage
Fractures of body of sternum
Isolation of sternum
Fracture of manubrium
Dislocation of sternoclavicular joint
Dislocation of manubriosternal joint
Dislocation of xiphosternal joint
Tarsus Tarsus Dorsum of foot

Sole

Pott's fractures
   Eversion injuries
   Inversion injuries
   Vertical compression
Fractures of talus
   Avulsion fractures
   Dome fractures
   Fracture of neck of talus
   Fracture-dislocations of talus
Fractures of calcaneus
   Fractures involving subtalar joint
   Fractures avoiding subtalar joint
   Avulsion fracture of tendo calcaneus
   Minor fracture of calcaneus
Rupture of calf muscles
   Rupture of medial head of gastrocnemius
   Rupture of tendo calcaneus
Tibia

Tibia

Fibula
 

Lateral collateral ligament of knee

Medial collateral ligament of knee

Anterior cruciate ligament of knee

Posterior cruciate ligament of knee

Quadriceps femoris

Anterior leg

Posterior leg

Knee

   Fractures of  tibial condyles
      Fracture of medial condyle
      Fracture of lateral condyle
   Severe condylar fracture with rupture of collateral
   ligaments
   Fracture of shaft of tibia
   Stable (transverse) fractures
      Toddler's fracture
   Unstable (spiral or comminuted) fractures
   Stress or fatigue fracture of tibia
   Simple fractures of shafts of tibia and fibula
   Compound fracture of tibia and fibula
   Fracture of medial malleolus
   Rupture of collateral ligaments of knee
      Rupture of medial collateral ligament
      Rupture of medial collateral ligament and
      anterior cruciate ligaments
      Rupture of lateral collateral ligament
      Rupture of lateral collateral and posterior
      cruciate ligaments
   Rupture of quadriceps tendon
   Avulsion fracture of tibial tuberosity
   Stress fracture of tibia and fibula
Ulna

Ulna

Elbow joint

Anterior leg

Posterior leg

 

Fracture of olecranon
Fracture of coronoid process
Fracture of shaft of ulna
Fractures of shafts of radius and ulna
Monteggia fracture-dislocation
Vertebrae  

Vertebrae
 

Cervical

C1,C2,C3,C4,C5,C6,C7

Thoracic

T1,T2,T3,T4,T5,T6,T7,T8,T9,T10,T11,T12

Lumbar

L1,L2,L3,L4,L5

Sacral

S1-S5

Coccygeal

C1-C3/C5   

Intervertebral joints

Atlanto-occipital joint

 

 

Back
Injuries to cervical spine
   Axial compression injuries
      Fractures of atlas
      Fracture dislocation of atlanto-occipital joint
      Dislocation of atlanto-occipital joint
Flexion injuries
   Simple compression fractures
   Dislocation of cervical spines
   Dislocation and locked facets
   Fracture dislocation of cervical spine
Extension injuries
Injuries to thoracolumbar spine
   Flexion injuries
   Extension injuries
   Flexion injury with shearing stress
Injuries to sacrum
Injuries to coccyx
Hyoid Hyoid
JOINTS
Shoulder joint Shoulder joint Scapular region
   Dislocation of shoulder joint with humeral fracture
    Rupture of supraspinatus tendon
    Rotator cuff tear
Elbow joint Elbow joint
   Dislocation of elbow joint
      Proximal radioulnar joint
      Fracture of shaft of ulna with dislocation of
      proximal radioulnar joint
Metacarpophalangeal joint Metacarpophalangeal joint Palm
   Metacarpophalangeal joint dislocation
   Rupture of collateral ligaments of
   metacarpophalangeal joints
      Lateral collateral ligament
      Medial collateral ligament
Interphalangeal joint of hand Interphalangeal joint of hand Palm
   Rupture of medial collateral ligament
   Rupture of lateral collateral ligament
   Interphalangeal joint dislocation
Knee joint Knee joint Knee
   Sprain
   Injuries to ligaments of knee
      Rupture of medial collateral ligament
      Rupture of medial collateral ligament and
      anterior cruciate ligaments
      Rupture of lateral collateral ligament
      Rupture of lateral collateral land posterior
      cruciate ligaments
   Injuries to cartilages of knee
      Injury to medial meniscus
      Injury to lateral meniscus
   Penetrating injuries of knee
   Dislocation of knee
Acute patellar tendonitis or jumperís knee
Acute pigmented villonodular synovitis
Anterior cruciate ligament ganglion dermoid cyst
Anterior cruciate ligament tear or femoral notch sign
Bucket handle tear of fragment in notch sign
Bucket handle tear or double pcl (posterior cruciate ligament) sign
Bucket handle tear or double pcl sign 2

Bucket-handle tear or anterior flipped meniscus sign

Charcotís knee
Charcotís knee 2
Chrondroblastoma
Chondroblastoma 2
Chronic tear of lateral collateral ligament of knee
Clergymanís knee- prepatellar bursitis
Cortical desmoid of knee 1
Cortical desmoid of knee 2
Deep infrapatellar bursitis

Discoid lateral meniscus

Fabella syndrome
Horizontal menisceal tear or flap tear
Iliotibial tract band friction syndrome
Lateral collateral ligament tear
Medial collateral ligament tear
Medial oblique meniscomenisceal ligament tear

Menisceal cyst

Recurrent dislocation of patella
Menisceal ossicle

Osteopoikilosis 2

Osteopoikilosis 1
Osseous hemangioma of knee
Osgood-Schlaterís disease

Parrot beak tear radical vertical meniscus sign

Patella dislocation
Patella tendon rupture
Posterior collateral ligament of knee tear
Quadriceps femoris rupture

Soft tissue hemangioma of knee 1

Soft tissue hemangioma 2

Spontaneous osteonecrosis of  medial condyle of femur

Synovial hemangioma

Trevorís disease
Ankle joint Ankle joint Sole
   Eversion injuries
      First degree
      Second degree
         Medial ligament rupture type
         Medial ligament rupture and medial malleolar
         fracture type
      Third degree
   Inversion injuries
      Sprained ankle
      Rupture of lateral ligament with talar tilt
      Inversion fractures of ankle
   Vertical compression injuries
      Anterior marginal fractures
      Vertical compression fractures
Inferior tibiofibular joint (syndesmosis) Inferior tibiofibular joint
     Tibiofibular diastasis
     Maisonneuve fracture
     Rupture of anterior inferior tibiofibular ligament
       Anterior inferior tibiofibular ligament buckling
Tarsometatarsal joint of big toe Tarsometatarsal joint of big toe
Lisfranc injury
Interphalangeal joint of  foot dislocationt Interphalangeal joints of foot
Metatarsophalageal joint Metatarsophalangeal joint
   Metatarsophalangeal joint dislocation
Atlanto-occipital joint Atlanto-occipital joint
   Dislocation of atlanto-occipital joint
   Fracture dislocation of atlanto-occipital joint

 

 

 

 

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