Soft tissue containing extrinsic and intrinsic muscles in the mouth and pharynx. It is divided into anterior 2/3 in the mouth and posterior 1/3 which is placed in the upper part of pharynx. This is separated by inverted V shaped groove called sulcus terminalis whose apex is the foramen cecum the embryological origin of the thyroid gland. The frenulum lingulae is found at the undersurface. Its mucosa at its dorsum contains papillae.

Intrinsic muscles

bullet Transverse
bullet Longitudinal
bullet Vertical

Extrinsic muscles of tongue:

bullet Genioglossus
bullet Palatoglossus
bullet Hyoglossus
bullet Styloglossus

Artery

Lingual artery; branch of external carotid artery

Vein

Lingual vein

Nerve

bullet Anterior 2/3- lingual branch of V
bullet Posterior 1/3 (common sensation and taste)- IX
bullet Muscles- all muscles XII except palatoglossus by pharygneal branch of X

More

There is nothing in anatomy not found in this website

Electronic School of Medicine
Creator: Oluwole Ogunranti

 
Tongue muscles- 3D model

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dissector
Lymphatic drainage
Organ integration
Clinical anatomy

Intervertebral joints

Intervertebral arches joints

Atlanto-occipital joint

Median atlanto-axial

Lateral atlanto-axial joint

Injuries to neck
See body map

Main Subject Course Links

Anatomy Anesthesia Biochemistry Chemical pathology Community Health
Dermatology ENT Gynecology Hematology Imaging
Medicine Medical microbiology Obstetrics Ophthalmology Pathology
Pediatrics Pharmacology Physiology Psychiatry    Surgery/Orthopedics
eLab eOSCE eProcedures eInvestigations eSchool/Videopage
eOrgans eLocator Anatomy Museum eDissector eFractures/Dissect-it-yourself
All diseases eClerking eTreatment eDoctor ePatient